|Canon 290.||Once validly received, sacred ordination never becomes invalid. A cleric, nevertheless, loses the clerical state:
1. by a judicial sentence or administrative decree, which declares the invalidity of sacred ordination;
2. by the penalty of dismissal lawfully imposed;
3. by rescript of the Apostolic See which grants it to deacons only for grave causes and to presbyters only for most grave causes.
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